Type 1 versus Type 2 Diabetes
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Christine is a Registered Dietitian & Certified Diabetes Educator
E-mail your questions to Christine at: nutrition@GlucoMenu.com
Q. What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?
Most people have heard of diabetes, but many do not realize there is more than one type.
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes is a disorder in which the body does not produce insulin (a hormone that
aids in moving sugar from the blood to the cells). This type of diabetes can be due to a
virus or autoimmune disorder in which the body does not recognize an organ as its own and attacks
it. In this case the body attacks an organ known as the pancreas where insulin is
made. This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed before age 40.
What is the treatment for Type 1 Diabetes?
Those with Type 1 Diabetes are required to take insulin injections to move sugar from the bloodstream.
What about Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes occurs when insulin that the body produces is
less efficient at moving sugar out of the bloodstream. Some sugar is moved
out of the blood, just not as effectively compared to a person with normal
insulin efficiency. High blood sugar is a result of this. Type 2 Diabetes used
to be thought of as the adult onset type of diabetes. However, an
alarming rate of children are now being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes.
How is Type 2 Diabetes Treated?
Diet, exercise, weight loss, and in many cases medication are the
treatment for this type of diabetes. Occasionally, someone with Type 2 may
be placed on insulin to better control blood sugar.
The good news is that people can take control of their diabetes by eating right, exercising on a regular basis, and testing blood sugar.
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